On the lands of the modern state of New South Wales, the first settlement of the Europeans who arrived on the new continent was founded. In the Bay of Port Jackson, the First Fleet of Great Britain landed, and a consignment of prisoners under the protection of the military staff founded the British colony under the direction of Arthur Phillip, captain. This happened in January 1788.
The state received its name from the captain James Cook, who described and documented in the logbook his voyage along the eastern tip of the continent. Initially, the territory of New Young Wales belonged to all adjacent lands. But with the development of colonization and the founding of new settlements, individual colonies were proclaimed and territories were separated. The first in 1825, an independent colony under the leadership of Britain proclaimed itself Tasmania. Then the state split South Australia, then New Zealand, which later became an independent state.
The modern territory of the State of New South Wales borders on the state of Queensland, the western border is shared with the state of South Australia, and the southern border with Victoria. The eastern coast is washed by the waters of the Pacific Ocean.
The first European settlement of Sydney, quickly grew into a major city, became the capital of the state. For many years Sidney played a leading role in the life of the British colony. During the reform and education of the Federation, Sydney fought for the title of the capital of the new state with Melbourne. True, as a result of years of competition, a decision was made to build a new city in Canberra and assign it the status of a capital. In the years of the Great Depression, despite the worst economic decline, in the capital of New South Wales, the grandiose Harbor Bridge was built, which became the recognizable symbol of Sydney for the whole world. Sydney and nowadays the largest metropolis of the country, the economic and financial capital of Australia.
Nature and fauna
The animal and plant world of New South Wales is very diverse. This is due primarily to the peculiarities of geographical location. The eastern part of the state borders on the ocean, the coast is cut with deep bays and numerous bays. The endless beaches of Sydney, Wollongong and other coastal cities – a favorite place for recreation and sports competitions, not only for the residents of the state, but also for the guests of Australia. Coastal valleys with a subtropical oceanic climate please the residents with mild winters and not very hot summers. In the interior of the continental part rises the Great Dividing Range, which separates the coastal lands from the steppe. Closer to South Australia are arid regions with drying salt lakes.
In New South Wales south of Sydney was created Australia’s first national park, the Royal National Park, designed to preserve the natural heritage of the region.
Later, 780 such protected areas were organized on the territory of the state. The most notable of them are:
- Blue Mountains – a combined security complex of 8 parks
- Kosciuszko National Park, the largest state park
- Kuringai National Park and others.
- Opera House in Sydney
- Great Sydney Aquarium
- Annual Wine Festival
- Sea cruises
- Sydney Tower
- Taronga Zoo
- Respectable bar of the first settlers Argyle in Sydney
For active tourists near Newcastle, interesting tours are conducted to the deserted beaches of Stockton, attracting huge dunes of fans of driving on off-road cars.
Blue Mountains – treasury of the unknown
In the mountains you can visit caves with underground rivers, lakes and luminous worms, admire the waterfalls and rare plants in the Botanical Garden, walk around the lost city and get acquainted with the history of the indigenous inhabitants of these places.
The Hunter River Winery
In the valley of Hunter, more than 150 wineries have found shelter. This historic region is famous throughout the world for fine wines and annually hosts guests in tasting rooms and restaurants at wine houses. Order an excursion to the wine region, and you will not only see how the best wines of Australia are made, but also enjoy the delicious taste of the best varieties accompanied by delicious national dishes for a whole day.